How To Install An Electric Tankless Water Heater

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Keep It Away From Extreme Weather

Installing a Tankless Electric Water Heater – Rheem RTEX 240v 13kw in My House

Its very important to ensure that you pick a location where your heater wont be exposed to freezing temperatures. This is especially important if your heater has drain lines.

If the water inside the pipes freezes, it will cause irreversible damage to the system. To avoid that, make sure that you empty the drainpipes if freezing is possible.

Many systems come with a safety measure of anti-frost protection. If you purchase a heater with this safety device, remember that it only works when the system is plugged in.

If youre in the habit of unplugging the system, youll have to keep the drain pipes empty. Watch this video for more advice on frost-prevention:

The Lifespan Of The Best Tankless Water Heaters Installation In Rv

Since you have decided to put your option in use, it has to be reliable enough to serve its designed purpose. When you have to pay good money for the Best Tankless Water Heaters Installation In Rv, theres no point in settling for anything that is unreliable. Think of it as a long-term investment, because there are going to be circumstances where you can use it later.

Check Temperature And Test Outlets

Once the water heater has been switched on, youll want to adjust the temperature settings on the system. Because these units may get extremely hot when used at their maximum settings, it is suggested that you avoid using them in order to reduce the possibility of burns. This is also a good time to check every hot water outlet in your home, including taps, showers, dishwashers, and laundry washers, to ensure that the temperature is proper and that the water warms up quickly. Turning down the temperature settings may be necessary if the water is becoming too hot to handle.

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How To Install An Electric Tankless Water Heater + Requirements

It is possible to install a new tankless unit flush against the wall or inserted into the wall . Using a stud finder, identify the studs in the wall where you want to install the unit, and then cut a hole between each stud. According to the manufacturers instructions, mount the item to the wall. Supply lines for water heater should be routed accordingly. Check to see that the pipe from the water utility is connected to the inlet and that the pipe heading to the house is linked to the outlet before proceeding.

  • A pressure-release valve may also be required in your installation.
  • But dont turn on the electricity or gas while youre doing this!
  • Water valves should be shut off.
  • Replace the filter, turn on the water valves, turn on the electrical power, and turn on the gas valves if needed.
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  • Installation requirements for electric tankless water heaters

Outdoor Vs Indoor Instant Hot Water Heater Systems

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Tankless water heaters may be installed indoors or outdoors:

  • Indoor tankless models are ideal for cold or windy climates to protect from freezing temperatures and harsh weather. Gas indoor units need venting to the home’s exterior and require drainage to prevent water damage from condensation.
  • Outdoor tankless models are designed to withstand wind and rain and don’t require venting or drainage. Outdoor units require freeze protection and may be at risk of vandalism or theft.

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Install The Water Heater

Use the owners manual to attach the sediment trap and shutoff valve to the heater. Afterward, connect the gas supply line to the shutoff valve. Try to confirm if the water heater has the drain and purge valves.

Attach the valves on the heater to the water supply line and look for leaks by turning the water on. If none, repeat the checking procedure on the gas line. When completed, turn off the gas until you have finished setting up the unit.

Factors Affecting The Cost Of The Electric Tankless Unit

This section is all about the water heater the product.

  • Size The size of a tankless water heater is also called its capacity in gallons per minute or the amount of electricity it uses in kW, from 3.0 to 36 for most brands. The bigger the unit is, the more it costs.
  • Brand/Quality When comparing electric water heaters of the same size, the one that offers better quality will cost more. Bosch and Eemax, for example, tend to be costlier brands than Stiebel Eltron and Rheem. All those brands are on our list of top electric tankless water heater brands.
  • Features Advanced technology included in some models raises the cost. These include features like auto-modulation that controls energy use for efficiency and WiFi connectivity. Very few, if any, electric tankless models have re-circulation pumps included.

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Tankless Electric Water Heater Wiring

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Tankless Water Heaters Boiler Water Heating System. 18 Pictures about Tankless Water Heaters Boiler Water Heating System : How to wire Tankless electric water heater | Tankless water heater, Installing Tankless Water Heater and also Rheem Tankless Water Heater Wiring Diagram – Wiring Diagram.

Understanding Water Heater Wiring

Installation of Electric Tankless Water Heater (ECO180)

Electric water heaters require a 240-volt dedicated circuit, which serves only the water heater and no other appliances or devices. The circuit wiring typically includes a 30-amp double-pole breaker and 10-2 non-metallic or MC cable. At the water heater, the black circuit wire connects to the black wire lead on the water heater, and the white circuit wire connects to the red or white wire lead on the water heater.

The white circuit wire should be wrapped with black or red electrical tape near the connection at both ends of the circuit , to indicate that it is a “hot” wire, not a neutral wire. Unlike standard 120-volt circuits, a 240-volt circuit carries live current in both the black and white wires. The circuit ground wire connects to the green ground screw on the water heater or to the water heater’s ground lead, as applicable.

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Are Tankless Water Heaters Better

For homes that use 41 gallons or less of hot water daily, demand water heaters can be 24%34% more energy efficient than conventional storage tank water heaters. In contrast, storage water heaters last 1015 years. Tankless water heaters can avoid the standby heat losses associated with storage water heaters.

Do You Need To Vent A Tankless Water Heater

Tankless water heaters vents can terminate on a side wall because their combustion fan can blow exhaust from the unit horizontally. 4. With an outdoor unit, you dont need to vent at all. In warmer climates, its easy to install a tankless water heater outdoors, with no additional venting required.

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Introduce Flow And Pressure Valves

  • When the associations have been made, its an ideal opportunity to introduce the stream and tension valves. Stream valves are easy to introduce. They permit you to shut down the water supply to the radiator when fixes are required as opposed to stopping water to your whole home.
  • Pressure valves possibly should be introduced assuming that the nearby pipes authority requires them. The strain discharge valve ought to be introduced along the boiling water side of the electric water warmer. You could likewise introduce one on the opposite side of the warmer for most extreme security.

Other Precautions To Take

How To Install An Electric Tankless Water Heater

The location you pick for your electric tankless water heater should be completely free of humidity or moisture. Exposure to water molecules will corrode the system and cause irreversible damage.

Keep the system away from anything that might splash water. Find a spot that is inaccessible to children as they may tamper with or damage the unit.

As leaks are possible, you need to ensure that there are no electrical circuits right under the heater.

While the breaker box should be near, it shouldnt be in the range of any potential leaks. The system should also not be near any combustible substances. If your supply water is hard, installing a water softener will protect the life of your heater.

This video talks about three things you should know before buying a tankless heater:

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Selecting A Location To Install Your Stiebel Eltron Tankless Water Heater

Your tankless water heater can be installed just about anywhere! Due to the small size of your water heater, it can be mounted in many small spaces, including closets, under sinks, in pantries, or under stair storage areas. However, there are some important guidelines to follow that will ensure that your installation is both safe and convenient in the event that future servicing is required:

This product is designed to be installed indoors only. You may be able to install your unit in an outdoor location as long as it is mounted in a suitable enclosure that protects it from rain, splashed water, direct sunlight, debris, and insects. This product should NOT be installed in a location where it may be subject to freezing temperatures. If the water inside your tankless water heater freezes, it can cause severe and permanent damage that is not covered under your warranty. If you suspect that your tankless water heater may have frozen, do not turn on the heater until it has thawed and you have inspected the system for leaks. We highly recommend that you contact the manufacturer if you suspect that your tankless water heater may have been frozen with water inside it.

This product does NOT require venting.

The Pros And Cons Of Tankless Water Heaters

Thinking of upgrading to a tankless water heater? Before doing so, learn the pros and cons of installing one – cost, requirements, and maintenance.

If its time to replace your water heater, you may be thinking of installing a tankless model in your home. To help you make the right decision about which kind to install, well explain how tankless water heaters work and point out some of their advantages and disadvantages.

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What Size Water Heater Do I Need

This common question is answered by adding up numbers from the list below.

This is a universally used chart showing how much water is needed for various applications:

  • Water-Saver Shower Head 1.5 GPM
  • Standard Shower Head 2.0 GPM
  • Standard Hand Sink 0.5 GPM
  • Kitchen Sink 1 to 2 GPM
  • Bathtub 4 GPM
  • Dishwasher 1 to 2 GPM
  • Washing Machine 1 to 1.5 GPM

Which of these are likely to be in use at the same time? Add up the required GPM to determine water heater size.

For example, if a shower is in use while the dishwasher is running while a hand sink might also be used, youll need a minimum of 1.5 or 2 + 1 or 2 + .5 for a total of 3.0 GPM to 4.5 GPM.

Buying tip: Remember, do not buy your water heater based on its rated GPM. You probably wont get that much hot water where you live. Instead, make your buying decision based on the GPMs for your location, which is based on the temperature of the incoming water. For more buying tips see our complete tankless water heater buying guide.

In our equation, if you need 3.0 to 4.5 GPM, we recommend a tankless water heater with a rating of 6.0 to 8.0 GPM, especially if you live in a cool climate.

Dont Pick A Spot That Cancels The Warranty

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Usually, tankless heaters come with specific instructions in the user manual that indicate things that could void the warranty. Sometimes, these specify particular locations where the product should not be installed.

Always read the entire manual before beginning the installation process. The warranty information can be found towards the end of the document.

As the initial cost of an electric tankless water heater is high, you dont want to cancel the warranty. Choose a location that adheres to the instructions specified.

If you are seeking more details about water heater warranties, this video will be helpful:

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You Can Install It Outdoors But Evaluate Carefully

Most tankless water heaters are designed to be installed indoors. However, some companies also supply models that are meant for outdoor installation.

Usually, these models are labeled differently using an i or in for interior/indoors and e or os for exterior/outside.

While outdoor models can not be installed inside, indoor models can be installed outdoors if absolutely necessary.

To do this, you must ensure that the system is protected from rain, sunlight, debris, and insects. Building a waterproof casing or shed can protect your heater from these conditions.

Heres a video on an outdoor installation:

Solar Tankless Water Heater System

A solar water heater costs$1,500 to $6,600 installed after tax credits, but requires a tank. Solar thermal systems reduce energy costs by 50% to 80%.

Tankless water heaters can also connect to standard solar panels. Photovoltaic solar panels cost$10,600 to $26,400 to power an entire home and tankless water heater.

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Tankless Water Heater Replacement Cost Factors

Tankless water heater replacement costs $600 to $2,650 if replacing an old tankless unit with a new tankless model, or $800 to $3,500 if switching from a storage tank to tankless. Installing a tankless unit requires upgrading the gas supply line, replacing the existing vents, and installing a new electrical outlet.

  • Gas line installation costs$350 to $750 to upgrade to a larger diameter gas supply line.
  • Plumber hourly rates are $45 to $150 per hour to modify or insulate the pipes.
  • Replacing the vent for gas exhaust costs $100 to $600. The vent system from a tank water heater cannot be reused for a tankless water heater and requires replacing.
  • Electricians charge $40 to $100 per hour to install a new outlet or upgrade a circuit. Electric and natural gas tankless models both require a dedicated electrical outlet.
  • Upgrading an electrical panel costs is $850 to $2,500 and may be necessary to support a new electric unit.

Actually Look At Temperature And Test Outlets

Why Are Tankless Water Heaters So Expensive To Install?

When the water radiator has been turned on, youll need to design the frameworks temperature settings. These units can get exceptionally hot when set at the most elevated settings, so its prescribed that you dont utilize them to stay away from possible consumes. Each boiling water outlet in your home fixtures, showers, Install an Electric Tankless Water Heater dishwashers and garments washers ought to likewise be tried now to ensure that the temperature is right and that the water heats up rapidly. Assuming that the water is excessively hot, you might need to turn the temperature settings down.

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What Is A Safe Temperature For A Hot Water Heater

One can practice both safety and economy by keeping water temperature at doctor approved levels. Very hot water temperature can cause burns extremely fast, and as such, care in setting your hot water heater is required. Setting the hot water temperature lower also means a savings in energy bills for heating the home’s water – if you are using a standard tank water heater. Tankless setups will see minimal energy saving. One downside however is a lower temperature does mean you will run out of hot water more quickly with a standard tank water heater. The tankless setup of course never runs out of hot water:)

Most experts recommend that hot water temperature should not exceed 125° F . A water temperature exceeding this poses serious risk of bad burns, particularly to children. In fact even at 125° F, if the child puts his or her hand in the water continuously for two minutes he or she may get second or third degree burns.

Some pediatricians instead suggest setting the hot water temperature at 120° F . With this water temperature, a child would have to run water over the same place for ten minutes prior to receiving a severe burn.

Temperatures higher than 125° F can burn a child, or an adult quite severely, and quite quickly. For example, it is estimated that it takes only two seconds of exposure to water at 150° F and only six seconds of exposure to water at 140° F to cause a very bad burn to a child.

Near The Point Of Max Usage

One of the biggest advantages that tankless water heaters have over traditional heaters is that they are much smaller.

While tanked heaters almost always go into basements, these compact units can be installed right at the point of use.

You can mount them on walls, in cabinets, under sinks, in the attic, or other unconventional spaces. Some of these heaters are no larger than a phone book. This means that they can be carried along when camping or in an RV too.

But if it suits you better, they can always replace the tanked heater in the basement as well. This video guides you into the process of installation, focusing initially on location and orientation

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